Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports Open Access Articles

Dendrochronology now provides a date, exact nearly to the year, for three Viking Age burial mounds of special importance for chronology in Scandinavia and across early medieval northern Europe. Their dating used to depend on the style of the carved wooden artefacts in the grave goods; now the grave-goods are exactly and independently dated by the tree-rings, those same links will provide dating bridges across the Viking world. Search All. Korean English. Journal Articles Save to my academic information. Selected option view options. Abstract open button References open button. Abstract Dendrochronology now provides a date, exact nearly to the year, for three Viking Age burial mounds of special importance for chronology in Scandinavia and across early medieval northern Europe. References 27 1.

Dendrochronological Dating Of The Viking Age Ship

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI:

“Dendrochronological dating of the Viking Age ship burials at Oseberg, Gokstad and Tune, Norway”, Antiquity 67 (), pp. – Bruun, Per ().

Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Submit Your Paper. Supports Open Access. View Articles. Track Your Paper Check submitted paper Check the status of your submitted manuscript in the submission system Track accepted paper Once production of your article has started, you can track the status of your article via Track Your Accepted Article. Order Journal. Sample Issue. Journal Metrics CiteScore : 2.

CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years e. This free service is available to anyone who has published and whose publication is in Scopus.


Clinker-built in oak, the ship is Dendrochronology of the ship-burials master chronologies which already are for Within recent decades dendrochronology has the areas around the Kattegat. It offers the archaeologist and from the Oseberg, Gokstad and Tune finds for historian an exact answer to the most the purposes of dendrochronological dating.

The produce a ‘floating’ regional chronology for result is often so precise that every the Oslo Fiord sentence, based on samples from recognized theory which conflicts with it is the three sites. At present there is no Tune lie between 20 and 50 km apart.

The finest and best preserved Viking longship is the Gokstad, which was built References: “Dendrochronological Dating of the Viking Age Ship Burials at.

Presents trivia about the Vikings and their times. Provides an overview on the life, customs and traditions of Vikings. Use of a sharp instrument to etch the twiglike runes of their alphabet in wood and animal bones; Art; Costumes of Viking women. The article presents information about the Vikings or seafarers from Skandia, Norway, Sweden and Denmark their including habits, traditions, seafaring skills, and dream of becoming kings.

Describes an Earthwatch project headed by archeologist James Symonds on modeling settlement patterns stretching back to Viking times which will take place in Outer Hebrides, Scotland. English’ attempts to civilize the Wild Scots; Data to be gathered; Schedule of activities. Features Vikings’ board game of Hnefatafl or King’s Table. Mastery of the game as one of a Viking’s nine skills; Materials used; Game instructions.

The Gjellestad Ship confirmed to be from the Viking Age

The ancient residence of King Harald Fairhair. The harbour area of the royal residence. Kongshaugen King’s Hill.

Archaeometallurgical investigation of a Late Bronze Age hoard from of the Viking Age: New dendrochronological dates for the Kvalsund ship and boat bog.

Olsen Olaf. Royal Power in Viking Age Denmark. The paper deals with the unification of Denmark into one kingdom. This happened in the early 8th century A. In this paper I will attempt to combine a small number of contemporary written sources with an evergrowing amount of archaeological evidence in order to describe and explain the development of royal power and authority in Viking Age Denmark.

Doing this, I am fully aware of the pitfalls on the path. The written words from this dark age on the border between prehistory and history are insufficient and untrustworthy, and the archaeological finds and features are generally of little value for the student of political history. Still, it is neither forbidden nor totally irresponsible to give it a try — so why not? The basic questions I will put are two : 1 When was Denmark united into one kingdom?

A when and a why. These questions cannot be dealt with unless one understands the nature of royal power in the Viking communities. An explanation of this is perhaps especially important when speaking to a French audience, for many of the Viking leaders who raided in France and were called ” kings ” by the Frankish chroniclers, were not proper kings.

As emphasized by Peter Sawyer1 most of them were either pretenders to the throne in their homeland or dethroned Scandinavian kings in exile, trying to gather strength from war abroad to take up the eternal fight for kingship at home.

Viking-Age Sails: Form and Proportion

The keel reared up, wind lifted it home, it hit on the land. Beowulf lines , describing the hero’s return from Denmark to southern Sweden. The finest and best preserved Viking longship is the Gokstad, which was built about AD and excavated almost a thousand years later from an eponymous farm on the Sandefjord south of Oslo.

As we enter the Age of the Vikings around , the king at Avaldsnes was probably In , dendrochronological (tree-ring) dating of the ship’s timber was.

The ship dendrochronological dating, the Viking bird ship from Gokstad. For example, dendrochronological. Shield from Gokstad ship burial, Den Norway c a. Oseberg Norway ante dating of the Viking Age ship burials at Oseberg. Dendrochronological dating of the Viking Age ship burials at Oseberg, Gokstad from the Oseberg, Gokstad and Tune finds for the purposes of dendrochronological dating.

Dendrochronological dating of the Viking Age ship burials at Oseberg, Gokstad.

Skuldelev 1

In three of the construction of the chamber. Discussion Three of the samples show no traces of tree The dating of the three chronological chambers marks from axes etc. The indications are that it is approximately two generations elapsed just the sapwood rings which are missing. The result also confirms e.

George Bass encountered the same problem after excavating a Bronze Age wreck reveal other interesting characteristics of ships’ timbers which would be of importance to the nautical archaeologist. Dendrochronology is now established as one of the main dating methods It is almost a commonplace in the Old Norse or.

A history of boatbuilding in Norway Christensen, Arne Emil. The medieval world p. Christensen, Arne Emil. A late 9th-century account of voyages p. Langskip Christensen, Arne Emil. Knarr Christensen, Arne Emil. Navigation, Viking Christensen, Arne Emil. A quarterly review of archaeology vol. Oseberg Christensen, Arne Emil. An encyclopedia p. Boats of the North.

The Viking ships Christensen, Arne Emil. Ohthere’s vessel Christensen, Arne Emil. Hester han temmet: et merovingertidsbeslag fra Hamar Christensen, Arne Emil.

Dating methods

Google Scholar Huber, G. Abbott Lowell Cummings’ prescience and dates for first the houses of Massachusetts Bay Colony using dendrochronology. Google Scholar Hughes, M. Sapwood estimates in ship interpretation of tree-ring dates. Journal of Archaeological Science

Dendrochronological dating has already confirmed that the ship is from the Viking Age, when a short section of the ship’s keel was excavated to explore its state.

All rights reserved. Archaeologists use dendrochronology to date a shipwreck found off the coast of Germany. Archaeologists have a group of unlikely allies: trees. Dendrochronology, the scientific method of studying tree rings, can pinpoint the age of archaeological sites using information stored inside old wood. Originally developed for climate science, the method is now an invaluable tool for archaeologists, who can track up to 13, years of history using tree ring chronologies for over 4, sites on six continents.

Under ideal conditions, trees grow quickly, leaving wide annual rings behind. During droughts, unseasonable cold, and other unusual conditions, growth slows, leaving behind narrow rings. Tree rings reflect both the age of the tree and the conditions under which it grew.


Besonders die Fibel von Lindhlom Hoeje. Line art tattoo design for a viking helgulf. Urnes style Dragon pendant from 10th century CE, Norway. Example of external decoration on Urnes stave church. The Urnes-Romanesque style can be dated independently of style thanks to representations from Oslo in the period , dendrochronological dating of the Lisbjerg frontal in Denmark to , as well as Irish reliquaries that are dated to the second half of the 12th century.

Dendrochronological dating ofthe Viking Age ship burials at Oseberg, Gokstad and Tune, Norway. NIELS BONDE & ARNE EMIL CHRISTENSEN*.

A warm summer normally provides a wider tree-ring than avarage, a cold summer a narrower tree-ring while an avarage summer has average growth. This will over a long period produce a tree-ring pattern unique for those years. A matching of the growth pattern from a sample with long tree-ring chronologies will thereby enable us to identify the actual period the tree was growing and thereby to perform a dendrochronological dating.

If the number of tree-rings is sufficient and the outermost tree-ring is present in the sample, which can be seen if the bark is intact, dating of the felling year can be performed using dendrochronology. The basis for dendrochronological activity is the construction of absolute tree-ring chronologies as far back in time as possible. Matching the tree-ring pattern from two samples from trees grown during the same period is called cross-matching. Matching the tre-ring pattern from a sample of unknown age to a tree-ring pattern related to calendar years performs a dating.

By starting with living trees a long chronology back in time can be constructed by overlapping of successively older tree-ring series. Before a house can be dated it is normal procedure to take samples from at least 10 different logs, and to construct a mean curve from the logs that contain a matching tree-ring pattern. This is necessary, as tree-ring growth is also sensitive to other environmental factors then climate.

As the tree-ring pattern matches the summer temperature, long tree-ring chronologies are known to contain valuable information on climate, thus giving rise to the sub-field of dendroclimatology , which studies climatic variations back in time. Since tree-ring growth is also sensitive to many other environmental factors like pollution, geomorphological changes, river floods, etc.

Viking art

Archaeological ship-finds have shed much light on the design and construction of vessels from the Viking Age. However, the exact proportions of their sails remain unknown due to the lack of fully preserved sails, or other definite indicators of their proportions. In all three finds, the keelson—with the mast position—is preserved, together with fastenings for the sheets and the tack, indicating the breadth of the sail. The sail area can then be estimated based on practical experience of how large a sail the specific ship can carry, in conjunction with hull form and displacement.

The new dendrochronological dates for the Oseberg ship of c. and for the grave chamber of are very important for the chronological debate.

British Broadcasting Corporation Home. From the remains of five Viking ships in Denmark to the excavation of an ancient rubbish dump in Westray, uncover the finds that have revealed an enormous amount about Viking life. The haul included ninth-century coins and some small lead weights typical of those used by Viking traders. Evidence for the Vikings in Wales is sparse, but a hoard of five exquisite silver arm rings had also been found on Anglesey.

The island itself has Scandianvian connections, probably deriving its name, Onguls-ey, from a Viking leader. Based on this evidence, Mark instigated a geophysical survey of the site where these objects had been found, and discovered a hidden trench. Excavations then began which revealed a ninth-century defensive wall, partly constructed with massive stone blocks and about two metres wide at its base.

The question was, what were the inhabitants of this settlement defending themselves against? Combined with the archaeological clues to a Scandinavian presence, Mark began to suspect these local people might have been under threat from Vikings. A few seasons into the excavation Mark got a surprise. Two skeletons were found. It looked as if they had been thrown into the ditch – without the care or ceremony one would expect if they had been buried by family and friends.

Viking ships, Oseberg and Gokstad ships